Whether you are building or renovating a home, knowing the different baseboard styles available helps you better design your rooms. Read on to learn the various types of baseboards, their features, and when to use them.
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What Are Baseboards?
Whether you’ve heard it called floor trim, baseboard trim, base molding, or baseboard molding, you’re familiar with these floor-hugging bits of trim.
Baseboards are small lengths of material that are installed horizontally at the points where a building’s floor meets the wall. With the right style of baseboard in a home, you probably won’t notice it much because it will seem to “blend” with the rooms.
But if a style that is incompatible with the home is used (or if there are no baseboards at all), you’ll quickly detect that something is off.
Baseboards are a small detail that packs a big punch in terms of design and function. That makes choosing a new baseboard style a decision worth paying attention to.
Why They Are Used
Baseboard molding styles may not seem like a big part of a home’s aesthetic appeal and design, but they indeed are. Along with other interior details like crown molding and hardware, the right baseboards styles give a home a finished, unified look.
But looks aren’t everything. They also serve an essential purpose. Baseboards cover and “seal” the gap where the flooring meets the bottom of the wall.
These gaps are necessary because they allow for normal movement (expansion and constriction) of the floor and wall without causing damage. If you’re looking to update or DIY install new baseboards, you’ve come to the right place.
We’ll show you the different baseboard styles and materials available, share some modern baseboard ideas, and give a few pointers to help you choose the right kind for your home’s interior design and budget.
4 Popular Baseboard Styles
Baseboard styles should mimic or compliment a home’s architecture and interior decor style. There are 4 different baseboard profiles (general shape and cuts) to choose from.
Different types are suited for various architectural and interior design styles: An old farmhouse, Victorian home, modern home with high ceilings, small apartment, and even new construction houses.
Let’s look at the different baseboard styles, trim profiles, and everyday materials. We’ll also cover the type of home each style is intended for.
Three-Inch Stepped Baseboard Molding
Also called three-inch molding, stepped molding, or rounded baseboards, this is the style used in modern construction most of the time. Each piece of the trim is around 3″-3 1/2″ tall and 5/8″-7/8″ thick.
The top of the trim has a gently sloped or stepped shape to help it cleanly meet up with the wall. This baseboard style is meant to fade into the background of a home’s interior, which explains its enduring popularity.
It is not a statement piece and won’t fit well in an older house, one without crown molding, or a home with intricate, ornate architectural details.
Flat Baseboard Molding (Apartment Wall Molding)
Flat baseboards are precisely what they sound like: Flat pieces of trim with no curvature or rounded edges. Their height can be around 3 1/2″ (mid-height) to 6″ (tall).
Taller styles are available but used much less often. The back of each flat trim piece contains deep grooves that enable it to flex and fit flush against the wall.
“Removing crown moldings and raising baseboards offers a more custom look. Installing a minimum six-inch-tall baseboard using a flat edge, instead of the standard four-inch, gives a higher-end, finished quality to any residence.” -Interior designer Lucinda Loya
You’ll see flat baseboards in many types of modern houses and buildings, sometimes with crown molding and sometimes without it. Because it has such a simple, understated look, it’s hard to go wrong with flat baseboards.
However, it can look under-done or out of place in homes with ornate trim in other areas or detailed architecture. If you’re installing flat baseboards, you don’t necessarily need crown molding to provide balance.
Flat trim can give a home or room an ultra-modern, minimalist look, especially if the walls and boards are painted white, and you select a very tall trim (around 6″ and up).
Mid-Sculpted Baseboard Molding
Mid-height sculpted molding, or baseboards, strike a balance between two other types: Stepped baseboards and tall sculpted baseboards. They’re a little more detailed without being ornate.
You’ll see curved, cut, scalloped, or stepped edges at the top of this trim that recede back to meet with the wall. This style of baseboard needs to be installed along with crown molding to make sure the room has a balanced look.
Because it’s a little more formal than the other styles we’ve looked at so far, skipping crown molding can make those higher areas look bare in comparison.
Sculpted mid-height baseboard trim pieces are usually 4″- 5 1/2″ tall and 5/8″ thick. That’s quite a bit taller than standard rounded or stepped trim.
So it’s an excellent option for homes with higher-than-average ceilings (to ensure they’re not too “crowded” with the crown molding) or interiors with a semi-formal design.
Tall Sculpted Baseboard Molding
Tall sculpted molding is the same thing as mid-height sculpted molding. It’s just taller. This kind of baseboard trim is most often used by adventurous types who want to create an exciting, unexpected focal point in a room or home.
It’s also commonly used in luxurious homes decorated in a traditional style. It’s more noticeable than other trim types because it’s just so out of the ordinary. This style stands out!
We’re used to seeing baseboards that are anywhere from three to five and one-half inches or so. Taller baseboard molding measures from 5 1/2″ to about 8″ tall, and from 5/8″ all the way up to 1″ thick.
On top of the size, this style features the same kind of sculpting and tapered detail as mid-height baseboard molding. This makes it even more visually appealing.
4 Common Baseboard Materials
When you settle on baseboard styles, you’ll need to determine what kind of material you’d like your trim to be. Things to consider:
MDF (Medium Density Fiberboard)
The least expensive option, Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) is commonly used for baseboard trim. MDF baseboards are made of hardened mixture wood fibers and resin.
It’s molded or sculpted by the manufacturer into the shape needed for trim. The material cuts with ease because of its uniformity and makes edges sharper and more precise. You might also hear this material referred to as composite.
Plastic (Vinyl, Polyurethane, etc.)
While it doesn’t sound as appealing or natural as hardwood or softwood, plastic (usually vinyl or polyurethane) baseboard trim is a cost-effective material that lasts forever and can be painted just like wood.
Inexpensive Softwoods (Pine, Poplar, etc.)
If you’d like to see real wood grain pattern but don’t have room in your budget for hardwood baseboards, softwood is likely your best option. It’s less expensive than hardwood, durable, and often comes pre-primed and painted.
If you’ve ever shopped for “real wood” trim at places like Lowe’s and Home Depot, you’ve likely seen pine baseboards.
Hardwood (Cherry, Mahogany, etc.)
The most expensive option, hardwood baseboard molding, is used less often. This material is unique and attractive, especially if the trim has been specially cut to showcase the grain pattern of the wood used. Solid cherry, mahogany, and walnut are popular hardwoods used for baseboard molding.
Which Baseboard Style Will You Pick?
The baseboards and trim in a home don’t always command attention or appreciation. Still, they’re an essential part of creating a cohesive, united feel in any interior space.
Settle on the baseboard style you like best (rounded, sculpted, short, or tall?), work out your budget and color preferences, and use your answers to figure out the best material to use for your project. The right baseboard trim will update your home and add visual interest in unexpected places.