While it may not seem like it at first, there are a lot of parts to your bed. There is much more to this resting spot than just the pillows and mattress.
All of these pieces have a function in making your bed a place to rest at night. While your bed may not have all of these pieces, they are shared across the different kinds of beds out there.
While beds may not seem like they are complicated pieces of furniture, anyone who has to build a bed can tell you there are a lot of different parts.
Most of these parts help support either you or the bed frame while you rest at night.
Main Parts of a Bed
So, how do all these parts fit together?
Let’s take a look at the different parts of a bed, both familiar and new.
The defining feature of the bed, the mattress, is the supportive structure for your bed. Whether it is soft or hard, it provides a place for your body to lay.
Mattresses also support your body by supporting areas, such as the spine or hips, that might have unequal weight put on them while you sleep. Many people consider the mattress to be the most essential part of your bed. It is the cushion that supports your body while you sleep.
So, it has significant sway on how you feel in the morning. A mismatched mattress can cause you to wake up feeling irritable or stiff in the morning, ruining your morning mood.
One of the defining features of your bed is the frame that the mattress sits on.
This structure forms the foundation that the mattress sits on and helps provide support while you sleep.
The headboard is the part of the bed that sits at the top of the frame where your head goes.
It’s mostly a decorative piece, but it does help keep your pillows in place if you toss and turn during the night.
Most modern bed frames don’t have a footboard. Still, a footboard is a part similar to the headboard but on the opposite end of the frame.
It’s a decorative piece like the headboard, but it can also help bedding from being kicked off the back of the bed.
5. Hook-On Rails
These structures sit along the sides of the bed, connecting to both the headboard and footboard.
The hooks that hold these rails in place sit on either end of the rail and help to support the bed frame and mattress.
6. Headboard Crossrail
This horizontal bar sits underneath the slat of the headboard.
This piece’s job is to provide extra support to the bed’s base and ensure that the bed frame stays sturdy.
7. Side Rail
Also called bed guards, these pieces help support the bed frame.
They run lengthwise from the headboard to the footboard and help keep people on the bed while they sleep.
This piece refers to the portion of the frame where headboards and footboards attach to the horizontal part of the bed frame.
These cutouts create a slot where the slats of the bed frame can slide into and lock into place.
9. Cut Slats
The cut slats of the bed are the cut sections that form the base that the mattress sits on top of.
The slats can be cut into solid pieces or hold their tension through a spring mechanism.
10. Side Drawers Slots
Some bed frames have extra storage running along the sides or near the footboard.
The structure may or may not come with drawers themselves, but you can use the slots to store small items.
11. Front Legs
The front legs of the frame are the two legs of the bed that are visible when entering the room.
Many bed frames will have stylized front legs that catch the eye, while the back legs are more functional in form.
12. Bottom Side Rail
These rails can be made of either wood or metal.
Their job is to run underneath the headboard and footboard to provide additional support for those two structures and the rest of the frame.
13. Canopy and Posters
These two pieces are necessary to build a canopy bed.
The canopy itself refers to the fabric that drapes over the pillars, also called posters. Together, these structures form the drapes of a canopy bed.
Another iconic portion of the bed is the cushion that you rest your head on while sleeping. Many different kinds of pillows exist, differing in material, shape, and size.
In general, you want to match the size of your pillows to the mattress to make sure that two pillows cover the width of your bed.
15. Pillow Protectors
Also called pillowcases, these cloth protectors separate the skin of your face from the cushion.
Using a pillow protector allows you to easily clean the protector, rather than having to wash out the pillows after many nights of use.
This long, cylindrical cushion fits underneath the pillows to provide extra lift or elevation to the pillows.
Some bolsters are made for use while sleeping, while others are purely decorative.
17. Ladder or Steps
Bunk beds and captain beds will feature either of these fixtures, which allow you to climb up to the top bunk or the bed itself.
Things to Consider
Not all beds are built the same way. There are different kinds of beds separated based on their materials and their specific function.
Types of Beds
When choosing a bed or understanding how beds are made, you must consider the types of beds available.
The type of bed that most people use features, at its core, a square frame to support the mattress. Some standard beds will have a headboard and footboard as decorative elements of the furniture.
These types of beds will differ from household to household. The wide variety of materials that the frame and mattress can be made out of mean that two beds can be very different from each other.
Waterbeds have mattresses that contain a padded frame filled with water. This padded frame helps balance the weight of the water inside the bed and protects it against tears and rips in material that would cause the water to leak.
While fun and unique in their design, early waterbeds weren’t as good for your back as a standard mattress.
However, modern waterbeds containing heated water can help soothe muscle pain in the back or body while sleeping and provide support similar to a spring mattress.
These smaller beds are usually twin size and a hybrid between a sofa and bed. Their compact size and higher bedframe mean they are for smaller rooms without the space to hold a larger bed.
Some of these beds can also convert into trundle beds to create a larger sleeping space. The heightened bed frame can sometimes be paired with extra drawers or knocks for storage to make the space they take up more multipurpose.
A futon is a foldable bed where the mattress can be bent into the shape of a seat or sofa when not being used.
The frames of these beds adjust between a flat structure similar to that of a standard bed and a backrest identical to the shape of a sofa.
Similar to futons, sofa beds are foldable mattresses that fit into a sofa while not in use.
As another space-saving piece of furniture, these beds can fold out into a two-person mattress for guests to sleep in your living space or other room where the sofa is located.
These smaller beds stack up on top of one another thanks to a bed frame that supports two mattresses, one over the other.
One or more sides of the bed frame will feature a ladder or steps that allow the person in the top bunk to climb quickly into the bed.
This kind of bed allows you to save on floor space since the two beds stack over one another.
A variation of this bed called the captain’s bed instead features a high bed frame that allows a desk to be placed underneath the top bunk instead of a bottom bunk bed.
Frequently Asked Questions
Due to how many parts there can be in a building bed, understanding them can get overwhelming.
So, here are the answers to some of the common questions out there about beds.
What are the main parts of a bed?
The main three parts of a bed are:
- The bedframe
- The mattress
- The headboard
What is the bottom part of the bed called?
The bottom of the bed frame where you place the mattress is called the bed base or foundation. Its job is to hold the mattress while you sleep.
So, What Are the Parts of a Bed?
While it may not seem to be a complex piece of furniture, there’s a lot that goes into building beds to make sure that they stay supportive and sturdy while sleeping.
Because we spend a lot of our time resting on these pieces of furniture, it’s essential to make sure that the construction is good so that the sleeper can wake up in the morning feeling refreshed and ready to go.
Understanding the different parts of a bed will help you know what to look for when purchasing a bed frame and find issues that may come up with the bed frame you have at home.